The Financial District is in the part of Manhattan that was first discovered by Henry Hudson in 1609, later served as a meeting and living area for George Washington and Alexander Hamilton, and other Revolutionary War figures. In addition to having a rich history, this area is an incredibly important player in current events, and often makes history today, from the Stock Market Crash in 2008 to the Occupy Wall Street Movement in 2011.
This location housed the original Federal Hall which was built in 1700. Federal Hall was used as the first capital building of the United States, the site of the United States Bill of Rights was introduced to the First Congress, and the location of George Washington's inauguration as president. It was demolished in 1812 and was replaced by the United States Customs House in 1842. Today, that building is known as the Federal Hall National Memorial, which is a museum commemorating the historic events at that site. There is also a large statue of George Washington which stands outside the building which is said to be on the spot where Washington was inaugurated.
This building was originally built in 1719 and is the site of George Washington's last residence as general in 1783. Ten days after moving in, on December 4th, he said good bye to his troops and moved to Mount Vernon, until he became president six years later, five blocks from the tavern. Today it is a museum and the sight of Wall Street business lunches.
South Street Seaport
This area on the East River was once exactly what it sounds like- a port for ships along with a fish market, the Fulton Fish Market. The Fulton Fish Market has since closed, and the seaport is now a tourist area with restaurants, bars, and a mall.